Past and future detector arrays for complete event reconstruction in heavy-ion reactions

Cardella G., Castoldi A., Guazzoni C., F. Previdi

Complex and more and more complete detector arrays have been
developed in the last two decades, or are in advanced design stage, in different laboratories. Such arrays are necessary to fully characterize nuclear reactions induced by
stable and exotic beams. The need for contemporary detection of charged particles,
and/or γ-rays, and/or neutrons, has been stressed in many fields of nuclear structure and reaction dynamics, with particular attention to the improvement of both
high angular and energy resolution. Some examples of detection systems adapted
to various energy ranges is discussed. Emphasis is given to the possible update of
relatively old 4π detectors with new electronics and new detection methods.